Chemical quality of irrigation waters in Hamilton, Kearny, Finney, and northern Gray counties

by L. R Hathaway

Publisher: Kansas Geological Survey, University of Kansas in Lawrence

Written in English
Published: Pages: 33 Downloads: 309
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Subjects:

  • Groundwater -- Kansas,
  • Water quality -- Kansas,
  • Irrigation water

Edition Notes

Bibliography: p. 22-23

StatementL. R. Hathaway ... [et al.]
SeriesChemical quality series -- no. 4, University of Kansas publications, University of Kansas publications -- no. 4
ContributionsKansas Geological Survey
The Physical Object
Pagination33 p. :
Number of Pages33
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14498543M

Sec. 15, Chapter 3 - Planning Farm Irrigation Systems CANCELLED: Part , Chapter 4 - Surface Irrigation PDF Electronic Version. Sec. 15, Chapter 5 - Furrow Irrigation (2nd Ed.) Combined with Part , Chapter 4 - Surface Irrigation. Sec. 15, Chapter 6 - Contour-Levee Irrigation PDF Electronic Version. Part , Chapter 7 - Microirrigation. 2. Efficient application of irrigation water 3. Efficient transport of irrigation water 4. Use of runoff or tailwater 5. Management of drainage water A well designed and managed irrigation system reduces water loss to evaporation, deep percolation, and runoff and minimizes erosion from applied water. Applica-tion of this management measure will. UGA Extension Bulletin • Irrigation Water Quality for Agriculture 3 Soluble Salts Content or Salinity or Conductivity All water contains some salts [Note: Salts for the purpose of irrigation water quality include not only sodium chloride (common/table salt), but also other chorides, carbonate/bicarbonates, and sulfate salts of sodium. Factors Affecting Water Quality Many factors taken together determine the quality of water for irrigation of plants. Individual components most commonly ana-lyzed for in a water test are discussed below. Levels considered desirable in an irrigation water source are summarized in Table 1. pH The pH of water is a measure of the acidity or basicity.

Quality Irrigation customers want the very best service possible, and they appreciate that we provide it. We have an A+ Rating from the Better Business Bureau. Our excellent service has been repeatedly recognized in the community, year-after-year. We are proud that our customers refer us to their friends. This book addresses how the Kesterson crisis developed, how irrigation can endanger water quality, and how economic, legal, and other factors impede our ability to respond to water quality problems. The committee explores how to study these problems, unraveling complex issues and clarifying the varying perspectives of farmers, environmentalists. Rapid groundwater depletion represents a significant threat to food and water security because groundwater supplies more than 20% of global water use, especially for crop irrigation. A large swath of the US High Plains, which produces more than 50 million tons of grain yearly, depends on the Ogallala aquifer for more than 90% of its irrigation needs. A predator–prey-type model serves as a.   cial program just for turfgrass irrigation water. Below are guidelines used in our test program; these can be followed when inter-preting results of irrigation water analyses. pH The pH of irrigation water should be determined in a laboratory and listed in your test report. Water with a pH in the range of to is most desirable for use on.

In irrigated agriculture, the hazard of salt water is a constant threat. Poor quality irrigation water is generally more concerning as the climate changes from humid to arid conditions. Salinity is not normally a threat where precipitation is a major source of salt­free water for crop production. Water that enters the soil and is not stored.

Chemical quality of irrigation waters in Hamilton, Kearny, Finney, and northern Gray counties by L. R Hathaway Download PDF EPUB FB2

Chemical Quality of Irrigation Waters in Hamilton, Kearny, Finney, and Northern Gray Counties by L. Hathaway, B. Carr, O. Galle, L. Magnuson, T. Waugh, and H. Dickey. Originally published in as Kansas Geological Survey Chemical Quality Series 4. This publication is also available as an Acrobat PDF file (2 MB).

Executive. Buy Chemical quality of irrigation waters in Hamilton, Kearny, Finney, and northern Gray Counties (Kansas Geological Survey.

Chemical quality series) on. This study represents the third part of a program begun in to establish chemical quality base-line data for irrigation waters of western Kansas. Previous studies have covered the west-central Kansas area () and the Hamilton-Kearny-Finney-northern Gray county area ().

The chemical quality data contained in this report show that groundwater presently in use from the Arkansas River Valley in Kearny, Hamilton, and Finney Counties and a band north of the river in Finney County is of sufficiently poor quality that it could produce adverse effects upon soils and crop yields with uncontroled long term usage.

Chemical Quality of Irrigation Waters in Ford County and the Great Bend Prairie of Kansas Wichita, Scott, Lane and southern Wallace counties (K.G.S. Chemical Quality Series 2), Hamilton, Kearny, Finney and northern Gray counties (K.G.S.

Chemical Quality Series 4), and Stanton, Grant, Haskell, Morton, Stevens, Seward, Meade, and southern. Chemical Quality Data Note: Historical data codes are a = Chemical Quality of Irrigation Waters in West-Central Kansas b = U.S.G.S. Kansas Ground Water Data Base Geological Unit: QA, Alluvium; Qu, Quaternary Undifferentiated; To, Ogallala Formation; KN, Niobrara Chalk; KJ, Undifferentiated Lower Cretaceous and Upper Jurassic Deposits.

The Vensim free software was used, determining a positive water balance to satisfy the needs of water, both to preserve the ecological flow and to use water for irrigation, since.

The pH of the irrigation water is not an acceptable criterion of water quality because the water pH tends to be buffered by the soil, and most crops can tolerate a wide pH range.

A detailed description of the techniques commonly employed for the analysis of irrigation water is available (USSL Staff ; Bresler et al. An irrigation problem that is becoming increasingly more difficult to avoid is the presence of salts in the irrigation water, or salinity.

Irrigation water salinity is a problem because there is a negative correlation between salt concentration in the soil solution and the rate of plant growth in the soil. The water quality used for irrigation is essential for the yield and quantity of crops, maintenance of soil productivity, and protection of the environment.

For example, the physical and mechanical properties of the soil, ex. soil structure (stability of aggregates) and permeability, are very sensitive to the type of exchangeable ions present.

Irrigation Water Quality Standards and Salinity Management Guy Fipps* Table 1. Kinds of salts normally found in irrigation waters, with chemical symbols and approxi-mate proportions of each salt. 1 (Longenecker and Lyerly, ) Chemical name Chemical symbol Approximate proportion of total salt content Sodiumchloride NaCl Moderatetolarge.

Water Quality for Crop Production Irrigation water quality is a critical aspect of greenhouse crop production. There are many factors which determine water quality. Among the most important are alkalinity, pH and soluble salts. But there are several other factors to consider, such as whether hard water salts such as calcium and magnesium or heavy metals that can clog.

Irrigation water quality The water quality used for irrigation is essential for the yield and quantity of crops, maintenance of soil productivity, and protection of the environment. For example, the physical and mechanical properties of the soil, ex.

soil structure (stability of aggregates) and permeability, are very sensitive to the type of. Nitrate-nitrogen (nitrate-N) in groundwater is a potential problem in many parts of towater samples were collected from domestic, irrigation, monitoring,and public water supply wells primarily from the western two-thirds of the state, and analyzedfor nitrate-N by the Kansas Geological Survey.

Nitrate-N concentrations of the samplesanalyzed range from 29% with. Irrigation pumpage was determined for parts of Kearny and Finney Counties in Southwestern Kansas using crop-acreage data and consumptive, irrigation-water requirements. Irrigated acreages for were compiled for wheat, grain sorghum, corn, and alfalfa using records from the U.S.

Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service. Pratt P.F. Quality criteria for trace elements in irrigation waters. California Agricultural Experiment Station.

46 p. Prichard T.L. et al. Relationships of irrigation water salinity and soil-water salinity. California Agriculture 37(7): 11– July-August The objectives of the NAWQA Program are to: 1) describe current water-quality conditions for a large part of the Nation's freshwater streams, rivers, and ground-water aquifers; 2) describe how.

Chemical reactions of magnesium in the water are similar to those of calcium. Magnesium normally occurs at about half the concentration of calcium; however, in the Portales area some irrigation waters have a magnesium concentration equal to or higher than calcium. Sodium Sodium (Na), another cation, occurs in almost all irrigation waters in the.

Hamilton Irrigation provides underground sprinkler system installation, sprinkler repair and sprinkler maintenance in Colorado. Quality Lawn and Garden Irrigation.

With Us the Grass is Greener. SCHEDULE YOUR SERVICE TODAY. PROVIDING SUPERIOR SERVICE TO THE GREATER BOULDER, LONGMONT Book Now. Or Call Us: Sampling and monitoring of irrigation water. Before supplying recycled water for irrigation purpose, there should be performed an analysis of the quality of this water, interpreting results, search for solutions (i.e.

good management practice, use of water treatment solutions and technology as provided by Lenntech) and monitoring frequently.

For example, water with low quality and big. Interpreting Irrigation Water Quality Reports. Water Chemistry. What. Water is not just H. What else could possibly be in there. As water evaporates, it condenses in the atmosphere and falls as rain; it flows overland, seeps through the soil, and moves underground.

During this cycling, it is processed by. • Knowledge of irrigation water quality is critical to understanding management for long-term productivity. • Irrigation water quality is evaluated based upon total salt content, sodium and specific ion toxicities.

• In many areas of Colorado, irrigation water quality can influence crop productivity more than soil fertility, hybrid. Chemical Quality Series 11 Atlas of chemical-quality data for irrigation waters of western Kansas, by L.

Hathaway and L. Magnuson. Published in Chemical Quality Series 10 Chemical Quality of Irrigation Waters in the Equus Beds Area, South-Central Kansas, by L.

Hathaway, T. Waugh, O. Gaile, and H. Dickey. Published in. Perhaps the most important water quality parameter to affect irrigation waters in Pennsylvania is alkalinity. Alkalinity is a measure of the dissolved materials in water that can buffer or neutralize acids.

These include carbonates (CO 3 2-), bicarbonates (HCO. 1 UPPER ARKANSAS BASIN TOTAL MAXIMUM DAILY LOAD Waterbody: Arkansas River from Pierceville to Larned Water Quality Impairment: Sulfate 1. INTRODUCTION AND PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION Subbasins: Arkansas-Dodge City and Arkansas-Pickle Counties: Finney, Gray, Ford, Edwards and Pawnee HUC 8's: & 4 HUC 11s: Not Applicable Drainage Area: miles2.

He said KDHE was collaborating with other state agencies on a two-year program to collect new data in areas adjacent to the Arkansas River and along surface irrigation canals in Hamilton, Kearny, Finney, Gray and Ford counties.

In addition, the project includes an offer for free testing of drinking water drawn from domestic wells in the region. Irrigation Water Quality Standards and Salinity Management Guy Fipps* Table 1. Kinds of salts normally found in irrigation waters, with chemical symbols and approxi-mate proportions of each salt.1 (Longenecker and Lyerly, ) Chemical name Chemical symbol Approximate proportion of total salt content Sodium chloride NaCl Moderate to large.

This volume was digitized and made accessible online due to deterioration of the original print copy. These two aspects of irrigation water (total salts and percent sodium) are grouped in relation to the levels present and their effects on crops and soils. This classification system is based on research conducted in Oklahoma, other states, CIassification of Irrigation Water Quality Figure 1.

Diagram for classifying irrigation water in Oklahoma. A REVIEW OF IRRIGATION WATER QUALITY Irrigation water quality plays a major role in the successful management of turfgrasses.

Of prime importance are the effects of irrigation water on turf-soil-water relations and on the soil ' s chemical and physical properties, particularly as these factors relate to turfgrass quality.

Quality of Water for Irrigation Developed by UC-Committee of Consultants.,; 1. These "guidelines" are flexible and intended for use in esti-mating the potential hazards to crop production associated with long term use of the particular water being evaluated.

"Guide- lines" should be modified when warranted by local experience.Irrigation Water Management Water management is an important element of irrigated Strategies to improve the Nation’s water quality must address the effect of irrigation on surface and ground water bodies (National Research Council, ).

Northern and Southern Plains and Delta regions.18 Chemical Engineering 19 Clinical Sciences 19 Diagnostic Medicine/Pathobiology North Central and Irrigation – Belleville, Scandia Pecan Field – Chetopa South Central – Hutchinson Hamilton Kearny Finney Gray Hodgeman Pawnee Edwards Sta˜ord Reno Harvey Butler Shawnee Wyandotte Douglas Johnson Miami Linn Anderson.